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Seminar Session: December 13, 2021: Elke Hartmann

“Communal representation, imperial deliberation and the question of democracy within the  Late-Ottoman Parliament” (Online)

December 13, 2021. 16h00-18h00 (Berlin Time). Registration: https://forms.gle/A8AJDvdaQyUiG5qD8

Abstract:

When in December 1876 the Ottoman constitution was promulgated, the first elections in Ottoman history had to be organised in early 1877. This was the occasion, when Ottoman reformist elites and intellectuals had to debate and decide, how the Ottoman population was to be represented in the first parliament. Finally the parliament was constituted with deputies from all provinces, but also with members of various population groups living in the empire. In her talk, Elke Hartmann examines the example of the Armenian deputies in the first Ottoman parliament. Who were they? How were the deputies chosen and elected? Whom did they represent? What did representation mean to them and / or their communities? Were these topics debated? Shortly after the first Ottoman parliament took up its work, the empire was confronted with war, leading to a crushing defeat against Russia. Subsequently, the parliament was dissolved and the constitution suspended. What remained from the experience of the first parliament, the first Ottoman experiment in democracy?

Elke Hartmann is professor at the Institut für Osmanistik und Turkologie of the Freie Universität Berlin. She published in 2016 Die Reichweite des Staates. Wehrpflicht und moderne Staatlichkeit im Osmanischen Reich 1869-1910 [The Outreach of the State. Conscription and Modern Statehood in the Ottoman Empire], Paderborn (Ferdinand Schöningh). She is also the author of the chapter “The “Loyal Nation” and Its Deputies. The Armenians in the First Ottoman Parliament” in Herzog (Christoph) and Sharif (Malek) (eds.), The First Ottoman Experiment in Democracy (Beirut, Orient Institut, 2010, p.187-222). Earlier in 2021 she published in Budapest (L’Harmattan) Örmény élet a oszmán birodalomban [Armenian Life in the Ottoman Empire].

Next session: January 17, 2022: Dario Miccoli, “The Jews of Alexandria: middle class feelings, urban identity and politics, 1880s-1920s

Full programme of the HISDEMAB online seminar

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An International and Collaborative Research Programme

Hisdemab Team Meeting in Berlin

On 23-24-25 November 2021 HISDEMAB Team members met in Berlin for their first “real life” research workshop (after 14 months of weekly online dialogues). Programme here.

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An International and Collaborative Research Programme

New Publication:

Histoire de la mémoire: traumatisme de la mémoire et thérapie de l’histoire (sous la direction d’Habib Kazdaghli), Tunis, 2021

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An International and Collaborative Research Programme

Nora Lafi in Tunis

In the framework of an international conference on Libya organized by IRMC. Title of the paper presentation: “Elections, Deliberation, Participation and Representation in Libya during the era of the Ottoman reforms”

https://youtu.be/2-lTRT5CikM

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An International and Collaborative Research Programme

New Publication:

Schmahl (Robin), “Was Kant a racist?”: the public discussion on Germany’s belated intellectual decolonisation”, in Luntumbue (Valentin), et al. (eds.). Places in the Sun: Post-Colonial dialogues in Europe and beyond, Brussels, Institute for a Greater Europe, 2021, p.57-73.

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An International and Collaborative Research Programme

Habib Kazdaghli interiewed by L’Humanité on the fate of the democratic process in Tunisia

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An International and Collaborative Research Programme

Falestin Naili guest of the Podcast “Jerusalem Unplugged”

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An International and Collaborative Research Programme

Video-lecture: Nora Lafi in Tunis

https://www.facebook.com/plugins/video.php?height=314&href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2FIRMC.Tunis%2Fvideos%2F856320118343636%2F&show_text=true&width=560&t=0

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An International and Collaborative Research Programme

Seminar Session: July 8, 2021: Holger Nehring

Theoretical Reflections on Social Movements: contestations of liberal democracies and laboratories of democratic practices

July 08, 2021. 15h00-17h00 (Berlin Time) Registration: https://forms.gle/A8AJDvdaQyUiG5qD8

Abstract

With some exceptions, sociological research first conceptualised social movements as a specific response to the perceived demise and collapse of what Martin Conway has called ‘the West European model of democracy’. Other more historically-orientated works has focused on the broader ‘dynamics of contention’ (Charles Tilly) in which social movements were just one parameter. More recent work in political science, sociology and history has considered the role of social movements within the field of democracy and democratic practices. This talk seeks to visit and revisit some of these conceptual and theoretical debates and explore where a historical sociology of social movements in the context of democracy might go. It will emphasise the historicity of conceptualisations of ‘social movements’ and ‘democracy’ and thus emphasise the need for reviving a historical sociology of social movements.

Holger Nehring is Professor of Contemporary European History at the University of Stirling, UK. He has published widely on the history of social movements, especially peace movements. Together with Stefan Berger co-edits the book series Palgrave Studies in the History of Social Movements. Among his latest publications: “Challenging the Myths of the Scottish Sixties” (in Moving the Social, 2020); “Remembering War, Forgetting Hiroshima: “Euroshima” and the West German Anti-Nuclear Weapons Movements in the Cold War” (in Ikenberry GJ & Gordin MD (eds.), The Age of Hiroshima. Princeton, 2020); “Grenzen der Demokratie?” Bundesdeutsche Friedensbewegungen und die Westarbeit der SED im Übergang von den 1950er zu den 1960er Jahren” [“Limits of Democracy?” West German peace movements and he SED’s Western Department from the 1950s to te 1960s], In: Berger S., Dietz B. & Muller-Enbergs H. (eds.), Das Ruhrgebiet im Fokus der Westarbeit der DDR (Essen, 2020); “Energy and War. Debates about Nuclear Energy in early-Cold War West Germany” (Groniek, 2020); The History of Social Movements in Global Perspective (ed. with S. Berger, Palgrave, 2017); Politics, Symbols and the Public Sphere (2005).

Next session: November 2021 (Programme to be announced in September 2021)

Full 2020-2021 programme of the HISDEMAB seminar

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An International and Collaborative Research Programme

Seminar Session: June 24, 2021: Falestin Naili

“Colonial contingencies: the political marginalisation of the municipality of Jerusalem under the British Mandate”

June 24, 2021. 15h00-17h00 (Berlin Time). Registration: https://forms.gle/A8AJDvdaQyUiG5qD8

Abstract

During the transition from the end of the Ottoman period to the instauration of the British Mandate rule in Palestine, the sphere of urban governance in Jerusalem underwent a major transformation. Ottoman civic institutions such as the municipal council were slowly stripped off their power in favor of confessional representatives and British “experts”.

Under British military rule, many powers originally vested in the municipality, such as town planning, were transferred to the Pro-Jerusalem Society, a non-governmental organization established by Governor Robert Storrs. Once the mandate was officially established, these powers were given to the Town Planning Commission. The municipality thus lost much of the influence and importance it used to have during the late Ottoman period.

Whereas the composition of the Ottoman municipal council had been determined by the condition of Ottoman citizenship, population statistics and the censitary suffrage system, during the Mandate period, confessional identity became a structuring element of this level of governance. In fact, the mayor had to be Muslim, one deputy mayor Jewish and the other Christian.

Municipal elections were the only ones more or less successfully organized by the British mandate authorities in Palestine, since the attempt of holding legislative elections failed due to massive Arab boycott. So in the absence of political representation on the level of the country, municipal councils were the only government-sanctioned space for representation.

The Municipal Corporations Ordinance of 1934 was supposed to revise the legal basis on which the municipal council had continued to function after the end of Ottoman rule. The elaboration of the bill, hotly debated both in London and in Palestinian cities, was lengthy and difficult. The analysis of its drafts, as well as the comments and petitions received, shed light on the conditions under which Arab political representation and organization occurred during this period.

Falestin Naili is a historian associated with the Institut français du Proche-Orient (Ifpo) in Amman and the Laboratoire de Recherches Historiques Rhône-Alpes (LARHRA) in Lyon. She specializes in the social history of the late Ottoman and Mandate Palestine and Jordan and has focused much of her recent research on local governance and politics, particularly in Jerusalem. Through her interest in collective memory and oral history she often reaches present-time issues, including the politics of heritage and folklore.

She was a core team member of the ERC project Opening Jerusalem’s Archives before joining Ifpo Amman as a researcher and head of office between 2017 and 2020.

Her Ph.D. thesis (“La mémoire et l’oubli à Artâs : un élément de l’histoire rurale de la Palestine, 1848-1948“), defended in Aix-en-Provence in 2007, deals with the history of the village of Artas south of Bethlehem in the second half of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century and with the collective memory of this period among villagers and descendants of Europeans who settled in the village. It will be published in 2022 under the title  La Palestine entre Patrimoine et Providence : régimes d’historicité et mémoire au village d’Artâs au XIX et XX siècles.

In her other publications, Falestin Naïli has dealt with urban governance in Jerusalem, millenarist settlement and missionary projects in Palestine, forced migration in the contemporary Middle East, early ethnographies of Palestine, and collective memory and heritage issues in these contexts.

Among her publications:

The DeMunicipalization of Urban Governance Post-Ottoman Political Space in Jerusalem” (2018); (with A. Muhtadi) « Back into the Imperial Fold: The End of Egyptian Rule through the Court Records of Jerusalem, 1839-1840 », in Angelos Dalachanis & Vincent Lemire (ed.), Ordinary Jerusalem 1840-1940, Leiden, Brill, 2018, p. 186-199; “Chronique d’une mort annoncée* ? La municipalité ottomane de Jérusalem dans la tourmente de la Première Guerre mondiale” (2017); (with Y. Avci & V. Lemire), « Publishing Jerusalem’s Ottoman Municipal Archives (1892-1917): A Turning Point for the City’s Historiography », Jerusalem Quarterly, no. 60, 2015, pp. 110-119; « Memories of Home and Stories of Displacement: The Women of Artas and the “Peasant Past”», Journal of Palestine Studies, no. 152, Summer 2009, p.63-74; « Les déplacés de 1967 : des réfugiés en devenir ? », in A. Signoles/ J. Al-Husseini (eds.), Les Palestiniens entre Etat et diaspora. Le temps des incertitudes, Paris : IISMM/ Karthala, 2012, p. 67-94

Next session: July 8, 2021: Holger Nehring (University of Sterling) “Theoretical Reflections on Social Movements: contestation of liberal democracies and laboratories of democratic practices

Full 2020-2021 programme of the HISDEMAB seminar